To gain a clearer picture of greenhouse gas emissions in Taiwan, demonstrate commitment to the Kyoto Protocol, and give outside parties a better understanding of the data and statistical methods used to calculate Taiwan’s emissions, on 26 February the EPA published the 2015 Taiwan Greenhouse Gas Inventory Report on its website for free downloading.
Taiwan is committed to abiding by the decisions of the Seventeenth session of the Conference of the Parties of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC COP17) and since 2015 has been compiling greenhouse gas statistics in accordance with the 2006 Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change’s Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories. The 2015 Taiwan Greenhouse Gas Inventory Report contains eight chapters covering the scope of the inventory and its structure. The data in the report has been updated regularly from 1990 to 2013 and includes emissions data for seven major greenhouse gases: CO2, CH4, N2O, HFCs, PFCs, SF6, and NF3. The greenhouse gas sources are classified as being from energy, industrial processes and product use, agriculture, forestry and change of land use, and waste. The report includes a full explanation of the statistical scope of Taiwan’s national greenhouse gas inventory, and outlines and explains emission trends. It also describes the different statistical methods, the types of data, results, and current emission trends for the different greenhouse gas sources and greenhouse gas sinks mentioned in the report.
Taiwan's total greenhouse gas emissions increased from 136,178 kilotons of carbon dioxide equivalents (excluding carbon dioxide removal) in 1990 up to 284,514 kilotons of carbon dioxide equivalent (excluding carbon dioxide removal) in 2013, with emission increased by 108.93% at an average annual growth rate of 2.94%. The total emission in 2013 had increased by 0.89% compared to the previous year. Net greenhouse gas emission increased from 116,913 kilotons of carbon dioxide equivalents in 1990 up to 263,445 kilotons of carbon dioxide equivalents in 2013, with emissions increased by 125.33% and an average annual growth rate of 3.16%. The total emissions in 2013 had increased by 0.96% than the previous year.
Among all the emissions, the energy sector, industrial processes and product use sector, agriculture sector, and waste sector are the main emission sources of carbon dioxide in Taiwan. In 1990, Taiwan had carbon dioxide emission of 122,419 kilotons of carbon dioxide equivalents. In 2013, the figure was 269,627 kilotons of carbon dioxide equivalents, with an increase by 120.25% and an average annual growth rate of 3.16%. In 2013 alone, the energy sector accounted for 92.39%, the industrial processes and product use sector 7.59%, the agriculture sector 0.02%, and the waste sector 0.002%. The emission in 2013 compared with 2012 had increased by 0.88%, mainly because of the increase in emission by 0.19% in the energy sector and 10.56% in the industrial processes and product use sector and the decrease in emission by 17.45% in the agriculture sector and 92.67% in the waste sector.
- Environmental Protection Administration, R.O.C.(Taiwan)