The EPA announced the Management Regulations for Food and Beverage Industry Air Pollution Control Devices on 5 February 2021, under which enterprises with operating areas exceeding 1,000 square meters or having more than 300 seats are to be regulated. Considering the higher impacts the food and beverage enterprises in densely populated counties and cities can cause on the residents, the Regulations included control zone measures to cover the specific regulatory needs of Taipei City and New Taipei City. Newly established and existing enterprises that are the targets of the regulation must comply with the Regulations from 1 July 2021 and 1 February 2022 respectively by installing, regularly maintaining, and keeping operation records of pollution control devices.
The EPA noted that the majority of complaints against food and beverage enterprises were about cooking smoke pollution, caused by either no installation of or improper operation of pollution control devices. The Management Regulations were therefore formulated to encourage enterprises to carry out pollution prevention measures and properly operate their pollution control devices. The targets of the control were decided after referencing the largest control targets of local governments’ autonomous regulations, which were mostly enterprises located inside hotels, guesthouses, or department stores. Restaurants located inside state or private corporations, agencies and schools will be subject to control if their operations reach the scale required for control by the autonomous regulations.
The EPA has also taken the high population density in special municipalities into consideration. As both Taipei City and New Taipei City have high density of food and beverage enterprises, there is the need to implement cooking smoke control measures in specific zones. Therefore, the Management Regulations put both municipalities as specific control zones. For Taipei City, control targets include grill restaurants, steakhouses, and enterprises with capital of NT$100,000 or more and an operation area of 100 square meters or more. In New Taipei City, grill restaurants, steakhouses, chain restaurants, and enterprises with an operation area of 100 square meters or more or having over 300 seats are subject to control.
To ensure cooking smoke is collected by pollution control devices, the Management Regulations require regulated enterprises to install air collection systems within a certain distance from the cooking area. The flow speed for top air collection hoods and side hoods must reach 0.5 meter/second and 3 meters/second, respectively. The capacity of smoke treatment equipment shall be greater than that of smoke collection system. In addition, regulated enterprises are required to regularly inspect the operation of pollution control equipment in accordance with the contents specified in the Management Regulations; keep records of the operation, cleaning, and maintenance of the equipment; and save the records for two years.
Considering that the regulated enterprises need sufficient time to comply with the regulations and update their devices, the Management Regulations have set corresponding grace periods for them to make the needed adjustments. The EPA urged these enterprises to strengthen the inspection of the operation of the pollution control devices to implement smoke pollution prevention during the aforementioned periods.
Excerpt from Major Environmental Policies, Feb 2021
- Environmental Protection Administration, R.O.C.(Taiwan)