There are about 100,000 registered food and beverage businesses in Taiwan, among which approximately 70% are in densely populated residential and residential-commercial mixed zones in Taipei City, New Taipei City, Taoyuan City, Taichung City, Tainan City, and Kaohsiung City. According to statistics from the Taiwan Emission Data System (TEDS 9.0), the amount of air pollutants emitted by the food and beverage industry account for approximately 6.24% of the national total emissions, while the electricity industry accounts for about 3.85%. Clearly, the air pollutants created from food preparation processes have significant impacts on regional air quality and can easily cause inconvenience to local residents.
To reinforce the control of air pollutants produced by the food and beverage industry and to reduce public dissatisfaction, the EPA has drawn up the Management Regulations Governing Air Pollution Control Equipment for the Food and Beverage Industry (hereafter referred to as the Regulations) based on the Air Pollution Control Act. The Regulations apply to any enterprises either with capital over NT$100,000 and a store space more than 100 m2 , or with a record of receiving more than 3 complaints within 30 days. The above mentioned enterprises are required to install cooking fume extractors, exhaust pipes, air pollution control equipment, and vents. Additionally, the enterprises will also need to document all the related information regularly for future reference and investigation.
The EPA estimates it will regulate roughly 40,000 enterprises in the food and beverage industry that possess a capital value over NT$100,000 and a store space over 100 m2 . The EPA decided to also include businesses of a smaller scale or with less capital because their locations are often close to residential areas and they can greatly affect the local environment and quality of life. Therefore, any such small-scale businesses that have received more than 3 complaints from neighboring residents within 30 days will be subject to the Regulations. After the Regulations take effect, the EPA estimates at least 1,000 small-scale businesses will be under these controls.
- Environmental Protection Administration, R.O.C.(Taiwan)