Aiming to expand and tighten controls on sources and amounts of greenhouse gas emissions, on 23 May 2022 the EPA preannounced amendments to the first group of emission sources required to undergo inspection and registration. In addition, targets have been added under the second group of emission sources. The regulations have been renamed Enterprise Emission Sources and Registered Emission Amounts Required for Inspection (事業應盤查登錄溫室氣體排放量之排放源). Moreover, the EPA held a meeting on the draft revision of the first group of emission sources on 29 June to hear from all sides.Inspections of emission amounts is the key foundation in greenhouse gas reduction. Only through understanding sources, reasons, and total amounts of greenhouse gas emissions can further reductions be figured out.
In 2016 the first group of sources required to undergo inspection and registration was announced by the EPA. Targets are industries such as power generation, steel manufacturing, oil refineries, cement, semiconductors, and thin film transistor liquid crystal display (TFT-LCD). They also include factories/plants that annually produce 25,000 metric tons or more of carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2e) from burning fossil fuels. Targets are mandated to complete inspection and registration of their total emissions of individual factories/plants for every year by 31 August every following year. Based on the statistics, a total of 287 sources in 2020 were required to register their emission amounts for inspection in 2021. In total they had emitted 223 million metric tons of CO2e, approximately 78% of Taiwan’s total emissions.
The preannounced draft revisions include the addition of sources of the second group required to undergo inspection and registration (see table). New targets include manufacturers with factories/plants whose direct emissions from burning fossil fuels and indirect emissions from electricity usage, when combined, reach 25,000 metric tons of CO2e or more. Mandates will take effect on 1 January 2023, in which sources under the second group are to register their total emissions in 2023 by 31 August the following year for inspection. They are required to register every year before the deadline.
Excerpt from Major Environmental Policies, June 2022
- Environmental Protection Administration, R.O.C.(Taiwan)