To simplify administration for the public’s convenience, the EPA announced a raft of new environmental measures that entered into effect on 1 January 2016. These include revisions to the online reporting of industrial waste, amendments to the Regulations Governing Air Quality Models and Simulations, discounts on recycling fee rates for environmentally friendly products, the tightening of mercury maximums for cylindrical batteries, and the banning of chromated copper arsenate as a wood preservative.
The following are major foci of the new measures.
1. Revisions to the online reporting of industrial waste
Revisions to the online reporting of industrial waste have been made to improve the accuracy of industrial waste clearance and disposal data and simplify the online verification procedure for the enterprises affected.
2. Regulations Governing Air Quality Models and Simulations
The Regulations Governing Air Quality Models and Simulations（空氣品質模式模擬規範）cover models and simulations designed to verify that pollutant emission volumes from new or modified stationary pollution sources of a designated size do not exceed the stated maximums for the air quality control area and the air quality control areas neighboring the area where the pollution source is located. The amendments primarily add fine particulate matters into the simulation items, along with lowering the emission thresholds for enterprises whose emissions need to be included in the simulation in order to enlarge the simulation database.
3. Eligible criteria for discounted recycling fee rates tightened
To encourage manufacturers to design environmentally friendly products, the EPA tightened the eligibility criteria for discounted recycling fee rates. From 1 January 2016, only products that have the Green Mark or IT products that carry the Green Mark or the Energy-Saving Label will be eligible for reduced recycling fee rates. A 15% discount on recycling fee rates will be given to all Green Mark products, with the exception of IT products.
As for IT products, only those products that carry the Green Mark or the Energy Saving Mark will be eligible for a 30% reduction on recycling fee rates (5% for printers). Fee rates for printers are based on the status of the recycling fund and will be reevaluated every three years.
4. Tightening maximum mercury value for cylindrical batteries
Looking to improve the regulation of one-time use cylindrical batteries in Taiwan, the EPA has referenced methods used by the EU, the UN and several other countries to regulate heavy metal content in dry-cell batteries. In order to diminish environmental impacts, regulations have been tightened for mercury content to 1 ppm, and new restrictions have been added for cadmium content effective 1 January 2016.
5. Banning the use of chromated copper arsenate as a wood preservative
Chromated copper arsenate is a water-soluble wood preservative that is composed of chrome, arsenic and copper. Weather conditions, rain and acidic soil can all cause these heavy metals to be released into the environment. Since arsenic and hexavalent chromium have been proven to be hazardous to human health and the environment, the EPA decided to tighten control over the use of chromated copper arsenate and ban its use as a wood preservative.
6. Reward Payment for Landfill Greenhouse Gas Reduction Promulgated
The EPA announced on 25 December 2015 the Regulations Governing Incentives for General Waste Landfills to Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions.
- Environmental Protection Administration, R.O.C.(Taiwan)