The EPA is establishing an Air Quality Internet of Things (IoT) by installing air quality monitoring sensors throughout the whole country. Through the integration of sensing technologies, communications technologies, and data science, the EPA plans to build a comprehensive IoT system to support the implementation of environmental smart inspection. The EPA is starting by setting monitoring sensors in four types of locations in Taichung City: industrial parks, residential areas, public transportation, and special locations. To date the EPA has set up sensor spots in 10 different industrial parks and their surrounding areas in Taichung, which include districts, such as Houli District. The Taichung City Environmental Protection Bureau has not only been analyzing the sensing data to select pollution hotspots, but has also detected illegal open-air burning and excess emissions with the help of warnings given through the IoT system. Those responsible for these illegal activities have been found and charged with violating the Air Pollution Control Act.
The EPA has uncovered five violations of the Air Pollution Control Act around the Port of Taichung by comparing sensor data from factories on the control list with background data from potential pollution hotspots. The EPA's control work for stationary pollution sources focus on the implementation of the following regulations: air pollutant emission standards, management of prohibited substances, pollutant inspections, permits for installation and operation, establishment of dedicated air pollution control units or personnel positions, and collection of pollution control fees. The EPA has also revised the Air Pollution Control Act to strengthen the control of stationary pollution sources and increase the penalties.
- Environmental Protection Administration, R.O.C.(Taiwan)