Since 1993, the EPA has made announcements in four batches for pollution sources that require automatic monitoring. The target areas for monitoring included boilers found in different industries, incinerators, the sewage industry, iron and steel making, the petrochemical industry, and the paper industry. There are now 112 enterprises including public or private premises and 326 emission sources that are monitored, providing the EPA with the ability to monitor 73% of stationary sources of sulfur oxides and nitrogen oxides.
Regarding the incineration process (batches two and four), the EPA newly added sulfur dioxides as another pollutant to be monitored. The rolling process for the iron and steel industry, industrial flares, the optoelectronics industry, adhesive tape manufacturing, the semi-conductor industry, and enterprises undergoing environmental impact assessments will all be added to the fifth batch. The EPA estimates that 100 or more enterprises (including both public and private premises) and 500 other emission sources and flares will be added. This addition means that 76% of stationary sources of sulfur oxides and nitrogen oxides will be regulated.
To improve the management of air pollution emissions, the following amendments were made:
1.Added a fifth group for public and private premises that must install automatic and continuous monitoring facilities along with a fixed time period in which to transfer collected data to the competent authorities.
2.Amended items to be monitored from incineration processes listed in groups two and four. Added sulfur dioxides to substances to be monitored.
3.Added boilers used for rolling and smelting processes as a target for regulation. Established regulations for monitoring opacity, sulfur dioxides, nitrogen oxides, oxygen, and other emissions.
4.Integrated VOC emissions from production in public and private premises of 1.
5. Integrated VOC emissions from production in public and private premises of 0.6 kilograms or more per hour as a target for regulation. The EPA set a standard for the amount of emissions necessitating monitoring and listed VOCs as a monitored substance.
6. Added enterprises that produce 50 tonnes or more of VOCs in public and private premises each year, and generate 6 kilograms or more of VOCs through all emission channels per hour. The EPA set a standard for the amount of emissions necessitating monitoring and listed VOCs as a monitored substance.
7. Included industrial flares used in petrochemical processes as a target of regulation. Specified the emission levels requiring the installation of monitoring systems and defined different kinds of non-methane hydrocarbons, highly reactive volatile organic compounds and total reduced sulfur.
8. Added documentation details required for approval of environmental assessment. Investigation results specify the need to install automatic, continuous monitoring facilities. Applicants for permits to install stationary sources of air pollution or those that have completed construction are to be listed as targets for regulation.
- Environmental Protection Administration, R.O.C.(Taiwan)