Located at Taiwan’s northernmost point, Fugui Cape is completely unaffected by local pollutants during the northeast monsoon season and hence is a perfect site for monitoring transboundary pollutants from China. In addition, Fugui Cape is being managed as a natural park and is not surrounded by large communities or other major pollution sources. It is also 30 meters above sea level, a good elevation for a monitoring station. As a result, the EPA collaborated with the Academia Sinica and established an air quality monitoring station within the Academia Sinica’s atmospheric aerosol monitoring station at Fugui Cape, using the Coast Guard’s existing facilities. The items being monitored include: PM2.5, PM10, SO2, CO, O3, NO, NO2, total hydrocarbons (THC), non-methane hydrocarbons (NMHC), wind speed, wind direction, atmospheric temperature, and others. The trial runs have been completed and the monitoring station is now in operation.
The EPA points out that central and southern Taiwan are now into the dry season. The decrease in rainfall combined with the seasonal northeast wind that carries transboundary air pollutants from China, along with the sinking air flow result in a diminished diffusion of air pollutants, causing poor winter air quality in central and southern Taiwan. The Fugui Cape air monitoring station will provide additional data needed for monitoring overseas pollutants.
The Fugui Cape station has also been set up with energy saving and carbon reduction in mind. The EPA not only enhanced the efficiency of thermal insulation to reduce energy loss, but also installed solar panels to provide electricity for the air conditioners and equipment in the station. Excess electricity generated by the solar panels is sent to the TaiPower grid as green energy. The power panels are estimated to generate about 19,000 kWh of electricity annually, which can reduce 9,917 kg of carbon emissions.
- Environmental Protection Administration, R.O.C.(Taiwan)