In recent years, sustainable development and recycling-oriented societies are two global trends. To promote these ideals, all countries have designated regions for the construction of ecological industrial zones to connect the input and output of industries and integrate the important living communities in urban areas. The long-term goal is to incorporate industrial development into the natural ecological system.
Owing to the fact that industries in Taiwan are not well connected with each other, technologies for resource recovery and pollution control cannot be shared. As a consequence, it was difficult to incorporate resources into the waste reuse system and the resources were wasted instead. The EPA therefore started planning the establishment of Environmental Science and Technology Parks (ESTPs) in 2001. The proposal was approved by the Executive Yuan on September 9, 2002, and was revised on March 11, 2004. The budget has reached 6.2 billion NT dollars.
The central government and local governments are cooperating to develop ESTPs, and construct 'sustainable ecological communities'. The EPA is responsible for providing incentives to attract industries, and local governments are responsible for providing land, and services for establishment, recruitment and operations.
Providing incentives: The EPA finances local governments that participate in the ESTP programs to establish sustainable and ecological towns and encourage local governments to provide land and recruit tenants. The EPA screens, manages and assesses proposals, and establishes an appropriate management and examination mechanism and administrative measures to improve the management and operation of the ESTPs. The EPA supervises the management of ESTPs and operation of businesses to fulfill the programs.
The EPA provides tenants and research institutes with rewards for investing in technology development and volume production in order to encourage the research and development of innovative and environmentally friendly products, and to establish an appropriate environment for investments. The approved tenants can choose to rent or purchase lands in volume production zones, laboratory buildings, offices or laboratories at a preferential price. The government subsidizes 50% of rents, 23 million NT dollars for production and 50% of research fees. The EPA also provides business image elevation services and relevant information for environmental protection and recyclable resource technologies at home and abroad.
The EPA has chosen Benzhou ESTP (40 acres) in Kaohsiung County, Fenglin ESTP (22 acres) in Hualien County, Taoyuan ESTP (31 acres) in Taoyuan County, and Liouying ESTP (30 acres) in Tainan County. Park planning and constructions have begun. The management research buildings and labs in Kaohsiung Park, Hualien Park and Tainan Park are now in operation, and the management research building and lab in Taoyuan Park has been completed.
In regard to recruitment, by the end of 2008, 78 businesses have completed tenant procedures. The 78 tenants include foreign investment businesses and international technology cooperating businesses. The tenancy of the businesses will contribute greatly to the elevation of environmental protection technologies. It is estimated that 160 billion NT dollars will be pooled from the private sector, and that the parks will create revenue of 345 billion NT dollars every year, in addition to 2,504 job opportunities. The process of connecting industries in the parks is maturing.
By the end of 2011, the EPA will have established four environmental science and technology parks in Taiwan, covering 123 acres in total, according to 'The Environmental Science and Technology Park Program'. It is estimated that 135 billion NT dollars will be pooled from the private sector, and that the parks will create revenue of 300 billion NT dollars every year, in addition to 2,250 job opportunities and 3 million tons of recyclable resources.
It is expected that the development of green industries will establish a cooperative relationship among material and parts suppliers, manufacturers, assemblers, and customers. The integration and reuse of resources will form a complete green supply chain, assist businesses to lower their costs and benefit the economy, environment and society.
- Environmental Protection Administration, R.O.C.(Taiwan)