This Section is mainly in charge of nationwide garbage-related matters and as of 2006, the division has implemented four garbage management programs: "Taiwan Province Urban Garbage Disposal and Management Program" (1985-1990), "Phase II, Taiwan Province Urban Garbage Disposal and Management Program" (1991-1996), "Phase III, Taiwan Province Urban Garbage Disposal and Management Program" (1997-2002) and the "Taiwan Area Waste Management Follow-up Plan"(2003-2006). Starting from 2007, this Section is also responsible for the execution of "Sorting Garbage for Zero Waste" under the "Promotion Program of General Waste Resource Recycling" (2007-2112). The tasks include: the rehabilitation of environmental protection facilities, garbage removal and resource reuse, stockroom-style resource regeneration plants, central treatment plants for water leachate, waste dispatching, installation and improvement of environmental protection facilities, entrustment to private waste treatment organizations, as well as resource sorting, recycling, and reuse.
The expected benefits of "Garbage Sorting for Zero Waste" include the rehabilitation and plantation of over-developed and closed environmental protection facilities to improve landscape for public recreational sites, and to mitigate potential hazards and pollution. For waste dump sites or environmental facilities that are not suitable for landscaping, the EPA will recycle resource materials to ensure the sustainable reuse of the land. Water leachate from environmental protection facilities is handled by regional central treatment to achieve economies of scale; meanwhile, private resources and capabilities can also be introduced through outsourcing to solve the shortage of expertise and human resources in the public sector. Environmental protection facilities or supplementary facilities are improved or established in order to increase surplus capacity in response to the annual repair and maintenance of refuse incineration plants, the occurrence of natural disasters, as well as the treatment and reuse of non-flammable garbage and ash residue, in addition to providing waste dispatching or cross-regional cooperation in waste treatment. The outsourcing to private waste disposal institutions can make good use of the manpower and equipment of these institutions. Furthermore, besides garbage disposal and cleaning, the private waste disposal institutions can also help with the beautification of the streets, ditch cleaning, removal of illegally posted advertisements, street sweeping, disinfection, and resource recycling to improve environmental quality. Stockroom-type resource regeneration plants have the benefits of: fewer public disputes, water leachate can be adjusted to zero discharge, and land and stockroom facilities are sustainable for repetitive usage, which solves the ash residue treatment problem of refuse incineration plants. In addition, the ash residue can be reused again. Furthermore, the green building of the stockroom-type resource regeneration plants can be integrated with the landscape and can be used to replace traditional environmental protection facilities, thus, helping to gain support from the public for the construction of environmental protection facilities.
- Environmental Protection Administration, R.O.C.(Taiwan)